Where did Islam originate?
Posted On June 16, 2020
Islam is that the second largest religion within the world after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide. Although its roots return further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the main world religions. Islam started in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia |Asian country|Asian nation” Saudi Arabia , during the time of the prophet Muhammad’s life. Today, the religion is spreading rapidly throughout the planet .
The word “Islam” means “submission to the desire of God.”
Followers of Islam are called Muslims.
Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is understood as Allah.
Followers of Islam aim to measure a lifetime of complete submission to Allah. They believe that nothing can happen without Allah’s permission, but humans have discretion .
Islam teaches that Allah’s word was revealed to the prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel.
Muslims believe several prophets were sent to show Allah’s law. They respect a number of an equivalent prophets as Jews and Christians, including Abraham, Moses, Noah and Jesus. Muslims contend that Muhammad was the ultimate prophet.
Mosques are places where Muslims worship.
Some important Islamic holy places include the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, and therefore the Prophet Muhammad’s mosque in Medina.
The Quran (or Koran) is that the major holy text of Islam. The Hadith is another important book. Muslims also revere some material found within the Judeo-Christian Bible.
Followers worship Allah by praying and reciting the Quran. They believe there’ll be each day of judgment, and life after death.
A central idea in Islam is “jihad,” which suggests “struggle.” While the term has been used negatively in mainstream culture, Muslims believe it refers to internal and external efforts to defend their faith. Although rare, this will include military jihad if a “just war” is required .
The prophet Muhammad, sometimes spelled Mohammed or Mohammad, was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in 570 A.D. Muslims believe he was the ultimate prophet sent by God to reveal their faith to mankind.
According to Islamic texts and tradition, an angel named Gabriel visited Muhammad in 610 A.D. while he was meditating during a cave. The angel ordered Muhammad to recite the words of Allah.
Muslims believe that Muhammad continued to receive revelations from Allah throughout the remainder of his life.
Starting in about 613, Muhammad began preaching throughout Mecca the messages he received. He taught that there was no other God but Allah which Muslims should devote their lives to the present God.
In 622, Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina together with his supporters. This journey became referred to as the Hijra (also spelled Hegira or Hijrah), and marks the start of the Islamic calendar.
Some seven years later, Muhammad and his many followers returned to Mecca and conquered the region. He continued to evangelise until his death in 632.
After Muhammad’s passing, Islam began to spread rapidly. A series of leaders, referred to as caliphs, became successors to Muhammad. this technique of leadership, which was travel by a Muslim ruler, became referred to as a caliphate.
The first caliph was Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and shut friend.
Abu Bakr died about two years after he was elected and was succeeded in 634 by Caliph Umar, another father-in-law of Muhammad.
When Umar was assassinated six years after being named caliph, Uthman, Muhammad’s son-in-law, took the role.
Uthman was also killed, and Ali, Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law, was selected because the next caliph.
During the reign of the primary four caliphs, Arab Muslims conquered large regions within the Middle East , including Syria, Palestine, Iran and Iraq. Islam also spread throughout areas in Europe, Africa, and Asia.
The caliphate system lasted for hundreds of years and eventually evolved into the Ottoman Empire , which controlled large regions within the Middle East from about 1517 until 1917, when war I ended the Ottoman reign.
Sunnis and Shiites
When Muhammad died, there was debate over who should replace him as leader. This led to a schism in Islam, and two major sects emerged: the Sunnis and therefore the Shiites.
Sunnis structure nearly 90 percent of Muslims worldwide. They accept that the primary four caliphs were truth successors to Muhammad.
Shiite Muslims believe that only the caliph Ali and his descendants are the important successors to Muhammad. They deny the legitimacy of the primary three caliphs. Today, Shiite Muslims have a substantial presence in Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Other sorts of Islam
Other, smaller Muslim denominations within the Sunni and Shiite groups exist. a number of these include:
Wahhabi: This Sunni sect, made from members of the Tameem tribe in Saudi Arabia , was founded within the 18th century. Followers observe a particularly strict interpretation of Islam that was taught by Muhammad bin Abd al-Wahhab.
Alawite: This Shiite sort of Islam is prevalent in Syria. Followers hold similar beliefs about the caliph Ali but also observe some Christian and Zoroastrian holidays.
Nation of Islam: This mostly African-American, Sunni sect was founded within the 1930s in Detroit, Michigan.
Kharijites: This sect broke from Shiah after disagreeing over the way to select a replacement leader. they’re known for radical fundamentalism, and today are called Ibadis.
The Quran (sometimes spelled Qur’an or Koran) is taken into account the foremost important holy book among Muslims.
It contains some basic information that’s found within the Hebrew Bible also as revelations that got to Muhammad. The text is taken into account the sacred word of God and supercedes any previous writings.
Most Muslims believe that Muhammad’s scribes wrote down his words, which became the Quran. (Muhammad himself was never taught to read or write.)
The book is written with Allah because the person , speaking through Gabriel to Muhammad. It contains 114 chapters, which are called surahs.
Scholars believe the Quran was compiled shortly after Muhammad’s death, under the guidance of Caliph Abu Bakr.
The Islamic calendar , also called the Hijra calendar, may be a calendar utilized in Islamic religious worship. The calendar began within the year 622 A.D., celebrating the journey of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.
The Islamic calendar indicates the right days of Islamic holidays and celebrations, including the amount of fasting and prayer referred to as Ramadan, which occurs during the ninth month of the calendar.
As in many religions, there’s no single image or symbol of Islam that’s universally accepted by all Muslims worldwide.
The crescent moon and star has been adopted in some predominantly Muslim countries as a logo of Islam, though the crescent moon and star image is believed to pre-date Islam and was originally a logo of the Ottoman Empire .
In another applications, like the International Red Cross and Red Crescent humanitarian aid movement, a red crescent indicates that followers of Islam are respected and treated accordingly.
The color green is additionally sometimes related to Islam, because it was reportedly a favourite color of Muhammad’s and is usually featured prominently within the flags of predominantly Muslim countries.
Five Pillars of Islam
Muslims follow five basic pillars that are essential to their faith. These include:
Shahada: to declare one’s faith in God and belief in Muhammad
Salat: to wish five times each day (at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening)
Zakat: to offer to those in need
Sawm: to fast during Ramadan
Hajj: to form a pilgrimage to Mecca a minimum of once during a person’s lifetime if the person is in a position
Islam’s system is understood as shariah . This faith-based code of conduct directs Muslims on how they ought to sleep in nearly every aspect of their lives.
Sharia law requires men and ladies to decorate modestly. It also outlines marriage guidelines and other moral principles for Muslims.
If crimes are committed, shariah is understood for its harsh punishments. for instance , the punishment for theft is amputating a person’s hand. Adultery can carry the penalty of death by stoning. However, many Muslims don’t support such extreme measures.
The prophet Muhammad is credited with building the primary mosque within the courtyard of his house in Medina. Mosques today follow a number of an equivalent principles he established in 622 A.D.
Muslim prayer is usually conducted during a mosque’s large open space or outdoor courtyard. A mihrab may be a decorative feature or niche within the mosque that indicates the direction to Mecca, and thus the direction to face during prayer.
Men and ladies pray separately, and Muslims may visit a mosque five times each day for every of the prayer sessions. additionally to hosting prayers, mosques often function as public gathering places and social centers.
Muslims also celebrate other holidays, like the Islamic New Year and therefore the birth of Muhammad.
In recent years, Islam’s supposed association with terrorism and slaughter has sparked a political debate in many countries. The controversial term “radical Islam” has become a well known label to explain the religion’s connection to acts of violence.
While some Muslims use their faith to justify terrorism, the overwhelming majority don’t . In fact, Muslims are frequently victims of violence themselves.
Recent surveys have found that in countries with high Muslim populations, the bulk of Muslims have overwhelmingly negative views of terrorist groups like ISIS.
While Muslims aim to clear up misconceptions about their faith, the faith continues to spread rapidly. Today, Islam is that the world’s fastest growing religion. Experts predict Islam will surpass Christianity because the largest religion by the top of the century.